Marsden Hartley was one of the greatest painters the United States produced in the artistically tumultuous first decades of the 20th century. Hartley was born in 1877 in the small rural city of Lewiston, Maine. In 1912 he traveled to Paris, then moved to Berlin, where he continued to paint and befriended the painters Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc. His work during this period was a combination of abstraction and German Expressionism, After extensive travelling he returned to Maine for good in 1937, where he died in 1943. Hartley was also a writer and a poet.