Rachel Ruysch (The Hague 1664 - Amsterdam 1750) was a Dutch painter who devoted her life to still lifes of flowers.
Daughter of Frederik Ruysch, a famous anatomist, her family moved to Amsterdam when she was three years old. Around the age of fifteen, she was apprenticed to Willem van Aelst, a Delft painter known for his floral still lifes.
In 1693, she married the portrait painter Juriaen Pool (1666-1745), to whom she gave ten children.
She was admitted to the painters' guild in The Hague in 1701. A few years later, she was invited to Düsseldorf as court painter to the Palatine Elector Jean-Guillaume. She exercised this office from 1708 until the death of the prince in 1716. She worked alongside Jan Weenix and Adriaen van der Werff. Back in Holland, Ruysch continued painting for private patrons.
Ruysch is also known for the accuracy and realism of her depictions of crystal vases. She painted all her life, from adolescence until her death. Today she is considered to be the author of one hundred paintings. The background of her compositions is usually dark.