Ernst Ludwig Kirchner
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, born May 6, 1880 in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria and died June 15, 1938 in Frauenkirch near Davos in Switzerland, was a German expressionist painter and one of the founders of the association Die Brücke. Ernst Kirchner studied architecture at the Technical College of Dresden, where he met, at first, Fritz Bleyl, and later Erich Heckel and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff. The four of them founded the group Die Brücke (The Bridge). They do not claim any influence, even if Kirchner discovered the concept of "quick drawing" among other conteñporary painters. He is interested by woodcut style and moving towards simplification of features, making visible the wood work on the final print. Kirchner also wrote a number of articles under the pseudonym Louis de Marsalle. In 1937, the Nazis declared his art "degenerate" and many of his paintings were destroyed. Ernst Kirchner committed suicide in 1938.