Academic painting. Tenebrisme. Golden Spanish Century. In painting, the taste of artists who have lived under the reigns of Louis XIII and Louis XIV, has focused on the reason, the order and the quest for ideal at the expense of realism and naturalism. It is in this context that is founded the Royal Academy of Painting in Paris in 1648. This establishment has for objective to sit down even further the absolutism of the court and of the monarchy. It is still the Academy which determines the stylistic orientation and which breathes the necessary momentum to the artistic and cultural activities.