1863, Musée d'Orsay, Paris, France. With Olympia, Manet reinvents the traditional theme of the female nude by playing a free and uncompromising painting style. The subject as well as the pictorial language explain the scandal caused by this work at the Salon of 1865. Venus became a prostitute whose gaze defies the viewer . Faced with this challenge to the idealized nude, basis of the academic tradition, the violence of reactions was considerable.